The Misings are an indigenous community inhabiting in the parts of the Indian states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh who were of Mongoloid origin. They were also known as Miris in the past and still recognized as Miris in the Constitution of India. Miri is the older name and traces back to the ancestor Abotani.
According to Census of India conducted in 2011, the population of Mising in Assam is approximately 10 lakhs. They live in 10 districts of Assam: Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Sonitpur, Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sivasagar, Majuli, Charaideo, Jorhat and Golaghat, and in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh: East Siang district, Lower Dibang Valley, and Lohit. The most prominent Mising villages in Arunachal Pradesh are Oyan, Namsing, Leku, Jelam of East Siang district. In Lohit District’s Namsai the Misings are in large numbers specially in Silatoo Mising village.
Mising community has diffferent clans like Doley, Pegu, Mili,Bori, Gam, Charoh, Dao, Darig, Dang, Jimey, Kuli, Kutum, Kumbang, Kaman, Kardong, Kari, Lagachu, Loying, Modi, Moyong, Morang, Medok, Misong, Narah, Ngate, Pangging,Pasar,Perme, Pertin, Pait, Pagag, Patir, Patiri, Padi, Payeng, Payun, Pao, Padun, Regon, Ratan, Chungkrang,
Chintey, Charoh, Taw, Taye, Taid, Tayeng, Tayung and Yein etc.
Ali-Ayé means seeds in a row, and Lígang means sowing of seeds. Thus the words mean the beginning of sowing of seeds. Ali-Ayé-Lígang is celebrated in the second Wednesday of February month. The festival marks the beginning of the sowing season. The Mising people in rural areas are dependent on agriculture, so the festival of Ali-Ayé-Lígang mark the beginning of a new agricultural calendar for them. Ali-Ayé-Lígang is a five-day festival. The celebrations start on a Wednesday, which is considered an auspicious day by the Misings.
Po:rag is the post-harvest festival of the Misings. Harvesting of paddy rice in autumn is very common now amongst the Misings and so a Po:rag is usually observed
now sometime in early winter or early spring. But there was a time when a harvest in summer too was very common amongst them and so Po:rag was celebrated earlier in the months of August or September.
Dobur is an animistic rite performed occasionally by the village community by sacrificing
a sow and some hens for different purposes, such as to avert a likely crop failure and ensure
general well being of the community, or to avert the evil effects of a wrongdoing on the part of a member of the community, etc.
Misings are one of the most colourful of the various indigenous Tribal communities in Assam. Mising has its own religion named ‘Donyi Polo’, viz, the Sun and the Moon God.
They mostly assimilated with Animism and adopted Hinduism.